The reason is simply that there whatsapp phone number list are no apprentices anymore because they no longer want to be accepted into the guild or gain its recognition." The dilemma of the intelligentsia Rather than a full analysis of how whatsapp phone number list Russia's historical experiences relate to those of 'Europe', I would rather like to present two theoretical approaches that can help orient oneself in this highly controversial terrain. First, there is the theory of the cultural divide between West and East put forward by the late Martin Malia. Malia whatsapp phone number list questions the existence of a clear line dividing "West" from "East." He assumes instead that there is a smoother gradation that can be experienced by those traversing the essentially unified.
Eurasian continent to the whatsapp phone number list east. The second theory, developed by Maria Todorova, establishes a "relative synchronicity in the framework of a development of longue durée (long duration)". Placing diverse whatsapp phone number list European nationalisms in a unified structure of modernity, Todorova eschews the discourse of "backwardness" and defines the "East"Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Russia as part of a common European space. Both theories emphasize Russia's fundamentally European whatsapp phone number list character, and neither discusses the country's peripheral position. Russia's relative subalternity to.
Europe seems inevitable whatsapp phone number list simply because she has never generated her own vision of modernity, but instead adopted a European vision. From this arose a persistent dilemma that Russian intellectuals – the so-called intelligentsia – have suffered for the last 200 years. According to the American historian Alan whatsapp phone number list Pollard, “the elements that constituted their consciousness were mostly Western products. So precisely those qualities whatsapp phone number list of the intelligentsia that gave it the ability to whatsapp phone number list understand - that is, what constitutes its essence - distanced this group from the intelligentsia.